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    #61
    Originally posted by XiaoJiao View Post


    There's no way around it. Smoking is bad for your health. Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body. Cigarette smoking causes 87 percent of lung cancer deaths. It is also responsible for many other cancers and health problems. These include lung disease, heart and blood vessel disease, stroke and cataracts. Women who smoke have a greater chance of certain pregnancy problems or having a baby die from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Your smoke is also bad for other people - they breathe in your smoke secondhand and can get many of the same problems as smokers do.

    Quitting smoking can reduce your risk of these problems. The earlier you quit, the greater the health benefit.
    Originally posted by kicapterbang View Post
    eh really? i kinda always thought it's the same.. anyway back to the topic, from what i've seen, and made me quit is the effect on the children. a number of my colleagues that smoke ends up having kids with heart issue. well, that and somehow back then i had issue financially to keep smoking 3 packs daily..
    Originally posted by blueapple View Post
    how about weeds? apparently no danger, right?
    Originally posted by rmohana View Post
    Smoking causes arteriosclerosis (fat buildup in blood vessels). So blood supply to penis reduces and it cannot stand causing erectile dysfunction

    In my opinion, there will always be prices to pay, no matter what we do; Ideally and preferably, anyone joining the 'World Of smoking Tobacco' need to know as much as possible before even considering taking up the 1st stick;
    Malaysian Health studies are unfortunately, not as comprehensive - at least for public eyes;
    Although, I'm still a smoker and I'm procrastinating by advicing anyone who's not started, need to consider getting the FACTS as accurately as possible, before coming over to the 'dark-side';
    To say smoking is bad for health - generally, I agree; However, to say smoking being the primary cause for every case of stated ailments we've all heard our share before, isn't as simply as it appears;
    Without proper nutrient intake, without maintaining the body physical fitness - yes, smoking can bring forward men most feared ailment - ED (Erectile Dysfunction) aka didi dun wanna wake up anymore no matter how horny you are mentally; However, around the world, there are way too many methods of growing tobacco, processing tobacco and preparing the tobacco as cigarette; Understand that, for better or worst, Malaysian brand cigarettes, is rated among the most toxic cigarettes globally; There is basically no quality control over it - not like BAT (British American Tobacco) Malaysia is going to admit this openly - bad for business; However, most BAT execs and above are fully aware of the difference - just not allowed to publicly saying anything about it; Malaysian brands of cigarettes have excessive amount of tar, nicotine and some heavy metal - especially on the cigarette paper; Don't just take my words for it, dear smokers, retrieve the tobacco from the cigarette and roll your own cigarette using 'mahjong paper' - even without filter, it will taste 'lighter' than right out of the box


    Even Indonesia's Suria Gudang Garam has better quality control - note, if you're taking Suria Gudang Garam, know that there are at least 2 grades (from lousiest to the best; source quote from personal poll taken upon 121 Indonesian factory workers and construction site workers, when I was working in construction site temporarily while in-between jobs):-
    * 1 grade that the Indonesian government endorse (it has that pink paper with gold stripe labelling Rp 14,000 Indonesia cukai Hasil tembakau) - sold to anyone and everyone who have no idea of the quality difference
    * 1 grade that Indonesian locals consume - acquirable either directly from Indonesia or from Indonesians who smuggle them for their countrymen in Malaysia (same packaging, minus the tax paid to Indonesian government label)

    End of the day, by my understanding, we smoke tobacco due to accessibility and availability of the nicotine-source. Not everyone has the luxury to grow their own tobacco without pesticides and artificial fertilizers, harvest the young leaves (the tobacco leave shots are the best, but you'll likelier find them in embassies and royal palaces than anywhere else), sun dry them, then roll-a-joint; so to speak. Don't want the tar, then use a bong water-filtration device or a sheesha water-filtration device. Samething goes for smokers of other herbs and spices (i.e. marijuana, poppy seeds, tongkat ali roots, etc.) who wishes to avoid the TAR - its the TAR that makes the lungs blacker than black..... also, the HEAT from direct 'suction' from smoking also damages/cooks the lung cells bit by bit - thus the BONG method. Unfortunately, mobility and convenience isn't part of when using a water-filtration method of taking nicotine.
    Dear smokers, understand that whether you smoke a cigarette or e-cigarette, nicotine is still a chemical and a form of medicine is certain other nations. Like any chemicals coming in contact with our body, eventually, our body will start become resistant to the chemical quantity.... thus how chain-smoking tend to happen (I was one myself when I was on Dunhill - abt 9 box of 20s in 8 hours).

    Why quit? Why not to quit?
    If you've been smoking for less than 5 years, and never reached chain-smoking level - quit NOW, your body have not yet fully memorized the various chemicals as 'needed enzymes'.
    If you've already attained chain-smoking or been smoking for more than 5 years, don't bother to even TRY quit smoking. There arefar more early deaths from ex-chain-smokers and ex-long-time smokers, than there are smokers who maintain a consistent (it can be 1 a day, 1 a month, 1 every 3 month,etc), non-chain smoking lifestyle. Drop by various General wards in various general Hospitals (you'll need to spend the time observing deaths, and the patient 'medical history' personally to understand).

    I've seen plenty of non-chain tobacco smokers in their 70s-80s coming by the General ward for 'periodic checkups'. I've also, unfortunately, heard more than I want to remember, of the various ex-smokers who's been smoking for about 10 years, then stopped - not realising their body is suffering STRESS from not having the chemicals that came with smoking prior.

    The saying about dying younger, shorter lifespan, etc for smoking? Well, my advice, if you are/were a chain smoker or been smoking for a long time - the most you can do is SLOW DOWN but DO NOT STOP. Stop and you WILL die younger.

    The ED issue - too much niicotine, slows down blood flow in the body, wounds bleed much slower, blood 'appears' much thicker - thus didi takes forever to wake up . However, there are times you'll need that 'too much nicotine'. How? Why? When? Isn't that more suicidal to have 'too much'? The example I'm giving here is being a living witness:
    a dear friend, one I've known since primary school days, lived a work hard+smart, Play harder+smarter kind of guy. One day, while posted in Dubai Internet City, 3 days before the World Trade Centre collapse, he suddenly contracted fever. He was K.O. for 2 days 3nights straight. Dubai Specialist Medical Centre examined and immediately reject taking on his case -- they said they detected Malaria in the bloodstream (I know, I know, how the f*ck one can get Malaria in the middle of a f*cking desert?!? I asked the same question to my friend, especially considering he was already there in Dubai for nearly 6 months before it 'happened').
    Cutting story short, after some hospital drama, he was 'packed and shipped' back to Malaysia. University Hospital took over the case - he was diagnosed with Dengue, Typhoid and Malaria all at the same time. To make matters worst, on a 4am on his birthday, the doctor woke him up 'trying to lighten my friend's mood' and told him "Congratulations! Not only you have Dengue, Typhoid and Malaria, you also have Blood Cancer! However, our resident Haematologist hasn't come back from overseas yet till another 6 months time" and walked away. After more hospital dramas, he smuggled himself out of the hospital, took a bus and when back to Ipoh.

    Why Ipoh? One of Malaysia's most reknown Cancer Specialist still with the Government is still based in Ipoh - Dr. Padmini (a petite, slim Indian lady doctor who loves cats but also a hellfire Demon in the Hospital). He was being placed in Ipoh GH general Wards B, with another 30+ cancer patients of various cancer-types and stages. His was Blood Cancer Stage 3 bordering Stage 4, with a prognosis (estimation) survival rate of 2% with chemotheraphy. Witnessing chemotherapy 1st person is both an eye opening and Nightmarish memory. Anyway, cutting the story as short as possible - on the 4th month in the Ward, my friend noticed an old, yet health and energetic Indian man of 81yr coming for his yearly checkup and found the guy is a also Blood Cancer case, but has been for nearly 24 yrs. While the old man was continuously screamed at by the residen Haematologist Specialist, he continued smoking his cerut (his Tobacco cigar) IN the General Ward, while telling the doctor "I'm so old already, so one less stick will make what significant difference? Besides, I'm been doing so all this while - nothing worst, I'm still here." My friend beign curious shared this with me, and we ... well sort of 'acquired' that old man's patient records - especially the bloodtest records - Extremely high nicotine, normal RedBlood Count, normal platlet count and High WhiteBlood Count. Thus, to test a teory - he being the experimentor and guinea-pig, and myself the conspirator and observer. He resumed his smoking (after 5 months in the wards stopped smoking). Whenever, his ciggy get's confiscated, I smuggle more, etc. Another Blood Cancer stage 3 chinese chap age 22 yrs noticed our activity, and after some queries became guinea pig No. 2. All the rest of the smoker cancer patients had ceased smoking and were advising both my friend and the young Chap not to continue 'this foolishness and obey doctor's orders'. Every month, chemotheraphy would be injected into the bloodstream. Every day, my friend and the young chinese chap continued maintaining their 5 - 10 sticks per day nicotine intake (through smoking). True enough, both him and the young chap's platlet count, RBC and WBC were within acceptable normal. Ervery other cases weren't looking promising. On the 11th month, they were the only ones left alive and diagnosed treated. The Blood cancer invasion was stabilized. Doctors creditted it to the new prototype Crystal BloodRed Chemotherapy drug. We knew better, since every other patient taking chemoterapy was also taking that particular prototype....oops, I Mean 'clinical trial' doctors and pharmaceuticals so love to use that set of words. Checked out in mid November 2002. 2 weeks later, we (my friend and I) learn something 'eye-opening' about Blood Cancer. The young chinese chap, went out with his group of friends to celebrate and drank like fish - died the same night. Its been more than a decade ago, one look, nobody would every even suspect him to have been a cancer patient - big, tough, healthy, full of hair everywhere (he's genetically a hairy man all over, hahaha). Still smokes, though avoid chaining. Ceased all liquor drinkings - at most once a year, during new year have Jolly Shandy with him, even then no more than 3 cans.
    Last edited by eddie.xsurfnet; 20-06-2015, 16:13.

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      #62
      smoking really not good for health...STOP Smoking

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        #63
        Originally posted by alfquah View Post
        smoking really not good for health...STOP Smoking
        As many senior brothers here had given their point of view and backing info - new smokers, old time smokers and wanna be smokers - choose your road of life with your eyes open; even if it means to continue smoking - pls do so with as much facts with you. Ignore social prejudism.. your decision will mostly affect you and your own surrounding - the rest of us too far away have our own duty & responsibilities for the choices we take or not take [emoji48]

        Sent from my ASUS_T00J using Tapatalk

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          #64
          6 Scientific Reasons Why You Should Consider Not Smoking Weed On A Regular Basis
          cannabis_smoking-759x430.jpg
          It’s about being balanced and informed. Exploring the upsides and downsides to cannabis.

          We’ve reported a ton on the benefits of cannabis and its potential in medical applications, but what about the other side of the coin? Is it fair to say cannabis comes with no downsides? When treating people and seeing positive benefits, what negative effects might also come?

          Marijuana has been the subject of intense debate over these last few years. Now legal in multiple states in the U.S. and authorized for medicinal purposes in even more, an increasing number of people are recognizing how arbitrary the line is between legal substances, like alcohol and cigarettes, and illegal ones, like pot — particularly since both alcohol and cigarettes have been shown to be extremely detrimental to the human body, while marijuana has not.

          But what’s the reason for that? Getting marijuana to study has proven to be incredibly difficult for many researchers and therefore getting study results has been tough.

          So given that this natural substance is being used incredibly regularly, and yet doesn’t have a full scope of research behind it, we wanted to balance the scales and bring awareness to the fact that we should really think twice before using this substance daily for long periods of time and thinking it’s completely safe. Unless of course you have been prescribed the substance, but even at that, it’s good to be in the know.

          This article came in response to a recent article pointing out the sheer benefits of smoking cannabis without mentioning the other side of the coin. We feel any research that takes this approach is simply not beneficial to public awareness.

          To be clear, we’re not saying this plant should be illegal. It’s a plant, but we don’t know as much about its safety in daily and long term use as we’d like.

          We Can’t Blindly View It As Safe

          The massive support for the legalization of marijuana does have its drawbacks, as it leads people to believe that smoking marijuana is completely harmless, and even good for you. While it can be quite therapeutic for dulling pain or alleviating anxiety, so can alcohol and even prescription drugs. It seems like people are willing to see the downsides of those substances but not cannabis.

          In reality, research shows that smoking cannabis on a regular basis may still be hazardous. Many forget that the plant’s medicinal benefits are most readily taken advantage of when it is ingested, not smoked.

          It is admittedly encouraging to see all of the support for the legalization of marijuana, and all of the evidence emerging that smoking it is not as harmful as it was originally said to be. The legalization of marijuana threatens many industries, so perhaps this is why it has taken so long to get the ball rolling.

          That being said, more of a balance is needed: with so much support out there for marijuana, many people, especially young people, think there are no health consequences of smoking it. This is why we’ve decided to put together a list of 7 reasons why you should really consider not smoking marijuana on a regular basis.

          We are very well aware of the other side of cannabis (articles). For example, we recently published an article showing how cannabis helped cure a girl from cancer. She is one of many examples of people who have benefited immensely from cannabis, and it’s important to raise awareness about how paediatric cannabis is saving lives. You can read that article here.

          We have also published a number of articles on why marijuana should be legal, as well as reported on the dozens of health benefits it boasts, from helping people with pain and epilepsy to replacing prescription drugs and more.

          A number of studies have been published that show cannabis completely annihilates cancer. We are talking about decades of research (a simple google search for scholarly articles on cannabis and cancer will show you this). Despite this fact, no human clinical trials have been conducted. Here is an article of a molecular biologist explaining how THC kills cancer.

          It’s also important to mention that we are not against smoking weed, but based on the science, smoking weed regularly on a daily basis for a period that lasts more than a year could be harmful to your health.

          “Really, the way to do these things, is to do them rarely so that your whole system can reassert itself and come to equilibrium. . . I think the real way to do cannabis is like, once a week. . . . ” — Terrence McKenna

          1. Most of the Medicinal Benefits of Marijuana Come From Different Methods of Ingestion, Not Smoking

          Cannabinoids are any group of related compounds that include cannabinol and the active constituents of cannabis. They activate cannabinoid receptors that already exist in our body, and our bodies themselves actually produce compounds called endocannabinoids. These play a vital role in the human body, helping to create a healthy environment. Cannabinoids themselves also play an important role in immune system regeneration. Studies have shown that multiple constituents of cannabis can kill cancer cells, repair damaged brain cells, and more.[3] The medical potential of this plant is truly miraculous, and it’s a shame that despite decades of research showing undeniable results, like its ability to completely annihilate cancer, human clinical trials are only n0w commencing, and only in conjunction with chemotherapy drugs.

          It’s important to know that contrary to popular belief, smoking cannabis does not assist a great deal in treating disease within the body, as therapeutic levels cannot be reached through smoking. Creating oil from the plant or eating the plant is the best way to absorb cannabinoids. Smoking also alters the plant molecules; when cannabis is heated and burnt it changes the chemical structure and acidity of the THC, which in turn negates its therapeutic value. The smoke from marijuana is toxic to the body, just as the smoke from any other substance would be. (I will discuss this further on in the article.) Furthermore, anytime you burn something and inhale it, you create oxidation within the body, which is unhealthy and can lead to many issues.

          None of the health benefits of marijuana come from smoking it. When one says “cannabis cures cancer,” that doesn’t mean smoking it.

          2. Heavy Marijuana Use Is Linked To Lower Dopamine Levels In The Brain

          Researchers in the Department of Psychiatry at Columbia University have found that heavy smokers of marijuana could have a compromised dopamine system. When studying heavy smokers, they discovered lower dopamine release in one region of the brain, the striatum, which is the part of the brain that’s involved in working memory, impulsive behaviour, and attention. Several other studies have shown that addiction to other drugs can have similar effects on dopamine release, but this is the first evidence of its kind linking it to smoking cannabis.

          The study examined 11 adults between the ages of 21 and 40 who were heavily dependent on cannabis against 12 healthy control subjects. 16 was the average age these individuals started smoking, and they had not stopped since.

          Their press release outlines how the study was conducted, and the methods used:

          Using positron emission tomography (PET) to track a radiolabelled molecule that binds to dopamine receptors in the brain, the scientists measured dopamine release in the striatum and its subregions, as well as in several brain regions outside the striatum, including the thalamus, midbrain, and globus pallidus. The cannabis users in this study stayed in the hospital for a week of abstinence to ensure that the PET scans were not measuring the acute effects of the drug. Participants were scanned before and after being given oral amphetamine to elicit dopamine release. The percent change in the binding of the radiotracer was taken as an indicator of capacity for dopamine release.

          Compared with the controls, the cannabis users had significantly lower dopamine release in the striatum, including subregions involved in associative and sensorimotor learning, and in the globus pallidus.


          Anissa Abi-Dargham, MD, a professor of psychiatry (in radiology) at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) and a lead author of the paper, said that “the bottom line is that long-term, heavy cannabis use may impair the dopaminergic system, which could have a variety of negative effects on learning and behaviour.” She also went on to emphasize that “these findings add to the growing body of research demonstrating the potentially adverse effects of cannabis, particularly in youth, at the same time that government policies and laws are increasing access and use.”

          Here is another study that was done two years ago that examines the same thing.

          We all know correlation does not mean causation, but we all know that it doesn’t either. You have to make your own judgements, use the Bradford Hill Criteria, and look at a number of different studies from both sides.

          Based on everything I’ve looked at, in my opinion, marijuana smoking does have some sort of effect on the brain in multiple ways, differing from person to person. Whether it’s ‘good’ or ‘bad,’ I’m not sure.

          3. Smoking Marijuana Linked To Schizophrenia, But It’s Complicated

          A number of studies have linked smoking cannabis to schizophrenia and psychosis.[5] For example, a fairly recent study found that schizophrenia plays a role in a person’s likelihood of smoking weed. The study showed that genetic variants predicting schizophrenia can also be used to predict a person’s tendency to smoke pot. The study showed that the same genes that predispose people to enjoying smoking cannabis might also predispose some to develop schizophrenia.

          Lead author of the study, Robert Power, a genetic psychiatrist at King’s College London stated that “there is a well-established link between people who use cannabis and schizophrenia.”

          Based on the scientific literature, it’s quite clear that there is a link, and at the same time, it seems to be clear that there isn’t. Mathew Hill, a cell biologist at the University of Calgary, tells us “the relationship is an ongoing debate in the scientific world — at least what the nature of the association is.” He also told us that “there is little evidence that, at a population level, cannabis use during adolescence is a primary contributing factor in the development of psychiatric illness.

          Just because some studies show an associative link does not mean there is one. At the same time, it doesn’t mean that there’s not one. This is the key! Some studies have shown that people who are in the early stages of schizophrenia that also smoke weed experience much larger brain modifications, like changes in white matter, compared to those who are not susceptible to schizophrenia.

          What is clear is that people who already show signs of psychotic illness do experience adverse effects from smoking marijuana.

          “There is definitely some kind of genetic basis to increased vulnerability to these adverse effects (in people with schizophrenia) that go beyond the correlational association.” — Mathew Hill

          Again, it’s well-known that marijuana smoking by people with schizophrenia only worsens the disease, and a number of studies have shown that smoking marijuana actually increases the development of schizophrenia in those who might be genetically predisposed to it. So, if you have a family history of psychotic illness, smoking weed is something you might not want to partake in, or if you suffer from any other ailment that’s classified as a mental illness for that matter.

          One thing seems to be certain: cannabis smoking does affect the brain in various ways, especially at crucial stages of brain development in adolescents.

          Below is a great publication and a good summary to find out more information about this topic and why it’s so confusing. Again, this connection (between schizophrenia and marijuana smoking) is still up for debate in the scientific world, and there are conflicting studies that continue to contradict each other every single year. This suggests that we simply don’t know enough and therefore should be careful with our habits.

          So, next time someone tells you that there is a link between schizophrenia and marijuana smoking, they’re wrong, and next time someone tells you there is no link, they are also wrong! The best way to avoid any risk is to just avoid smoking marijuana all together.

          Clearing the smoke: What do we know about adolescent cannabis use and schizophrenia?

          4. Smoking Marijuana Changes Your Brain

          One recent study found that using marijuana daily for at least four years or longer can create certain anatomical changes in the brain. In this particular study, researchers used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to examine the brains of approximately 50 adults who were chronic marijuana users, compared to more than 60 people who didn’t use marijuana at all.

          Researchers found that the people who had been smoking daily for at least four years had a smaller volume of gray matter in their orbitofrontal cortex, which is usually associated with addiction.

          Lead author of the study, Francesca Filbey, an Associate Professor in the School of Behavioural Brain Sciences at the University of Texas at Dallas said, “not only is there a change in structure but there tends to be a change reflected in connectivity…all we can say is that we do see these [differences].” (source)

          This is concerning, especially given the fact that grey matter is a major component of the central nervous system. Not only is it associated with addiction, it’s also associated with muscle control, sensory perception, memory, emotions, speech, decision making and self-control. A smaller amount of grey matter has also been implicated in a number of psychiatric disorders, including depression. There is a widespread reduction of gray matter in people who suffer depression, and yes, smoking marijuana may give temporary relief from depression, but when one doesn’t have it, they might feel depressed. Marijuana could contribute to depression, and the fact that one feels better when one smokes it might make them think that it helps with their depression. This could be dangerous as they could be constantly depleting their gray matter.

          Again, there are a number of studies that show smoking marijuana recently can drastically change the brain, and also disrupt brain development.

          Another recent study also found that marijuana smokers showed signs of damage in the corpus callous, which is a major white matter tract that connects the left side of the brain to the right side. However, the study did mention that the people examined could have had deviant brain structures prior to their use.

          A study published a few years ago showed that people who constantly smoke marijuana have abnormal brain structures, but multiple studies have also shown that marijuana smokers show no difference in brain structure.

          The list goes on and on, but one thing is for certain: the effects on the brain are unclear. Further research is needed to identify what smoking marijuana does to the brain because there are still a number of studies that are contradictory. That being said, there is no doubt that it does something, but the way it interacts with our biology can vary for each individual.

          5. Smoking Harms The Lungs

          Regardless of what you are smoking, smoke is harmful to lung health; this is a no-brainer. Whether it’s burning wood, tobacco or marijuana, toxins and carcinogens are released from the combustion of materials. Smoke from marijuana combustion is no different. According to the American Lung Association:

          Smoking marijuana clearly damages the human lung. Research shows that smoking marijuana causes chronic bronchitis and marijuana smoke has been shown to injure the cell linings of the large airways, which could explain why smoking marijuana leads to symptoms such as chronic cough, phlegm production, wheeze and acute bronchitis.

          Again, marijuana smoke contains a similar range of harmful chemicals to that of tobacco smoke, and there is no shortage of research suggesting that long-term marijuana smoking is associated with an increased risk of some respiratory problems. Despite this proven correlation, there is no association between smoking marijuana and lung cancer.

          There are other alternatives to smoking marijuana, such as vaporizing or eating it.

          6. Smoking Marijuana Can Increase Your Risk of Serious Cardiovascular Disorders

          Multiple studies have connected smoking marijuana with potential cardiovascular disorders. One recent study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association noted that:

          Several striking cardiovascular complications following cannabis use raised the issue of possible implications of cannabis in cardiovascular outcomes…The rate of cannabis-related cardiovascular complications reported steadily rose during the past 5 years. Cardiovascular disorders represented 2 percent of the reports related to cannabis, classified into cardiac, cerebral, and peripheral arteriopathies. This result is consistent with previous findings and strengthens the idea that cannabis may be responsible for serious complications, in particular on the cardiovascular system.

          Another recent study, published last year concluded that:

          The evidence reported in this article point toward an undisputed linkage between cannabis consumption and potentially lethal cardiovascular complications.

          Something to Consider:

          Trouble Living Life Without Smoking

          As with so many of our other favourite habits, smoking is a vice, and many people who smoke weed have difficulty stopping. Life often feels boring without it; smoking becomes a need and almost a mental addiction (we know there is no physical addiction involved.) And this is obviously problematic. It is rare to find someone who will be able to smoke a joint a couple of times a month, which is the amount many experts in the field of “mind-altering”‘ drugs propose. It’s a substance that is abused and not given the respect it deserves, often being used as an escape — helping the person avoid asking themselves why they feel the need to alter their state so often. If you are a regular smoker and notice that without smoking for a night or two you become bored, anxious, or depressed, or have certain feelings come up because you don’t have a joint in your hand, it may be time to consider reducing your usage, and perhaps facing those negative feelings head-on.

          If you have a hard time going without smoking a joint, that in itself is a problem. Alternatively, if you are a regular marijuana smoker but can easily stop for weeks at a time, without any desire to smoke, perhaps you don’t have a problem. The main point here is that smoking shouldn’t be used to escape one’s problems because it just prolongs the process of facing them.

          How Is It Grown?

          These days, it’s hard to find ‘pure weed.’ Most people are not aware of the original source, and marijuana can be grown with harmful pesticides. In fact, it wasn’t after the legalization of marijuana in Colorado when authorities found dangers pesticides in most of the marijuana that was being sold. You can read more about that here.

          Where do the seeds come from? When Big Pharma takes over, what type of seeds will they be, and how will it be grown? Are they genetically modified? There are still many questions to be asked.

          Concluding Comments

          So what can you take from all of this? We simply don’t know enough about this plant and smoking it to do it everyday and expect nothing bad will happen. There has been a very misleading culture spread about how safe this is to use in all forms and that simply isn’t the case.

          Many natural substances are harmful to you if you have too much of it and too regularly. Even natural medicinal botanicals are things like this are not meant to be used everyday.

          Again, we hope this helps to clear up the negative stigma around marijuana and also the blind-faithed positive stigma around it. Balance is important in this case and what we strive to convey in this report.
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            #65
            FB_IMG_1481588506510.jpg

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            Asking for contact openly is NOT advisable. Please use PM - 小蕉™©®

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              #66
              IMG-20170121-WA0036.jpg

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                #67
                E-cigarette FLAVORS are toxic to white blood cells, scientists warns
                • Vaping flavors were like cinnamon, vanilla and buttery flavors were found to be the most toxic
                • The University of Rochester team exposed immune cells to flavoring chemicals
                • They found the flavors were toxic to the cells, and caused significant cell death
                • Previous studies previous studies have found e-cigarette smoke causes less cancerous damage than tobacco


                Vaping flavors like cinnamon and vanilla increase the risk of developing life-threatening diseases, a new study warns.

                Researchers exposed immune cells to chemicals used in e-cigarette flavoring, a component of vaping that is appealing to many users.

                They found the cells produced substances responsible for inflammation and tissue damage, and many of the flavoring chemicals caused significant cell death.

                Although vaping flavors are considered a healthier alternative to tobacco cigarettes, scientists at the University of Rochester warns their findings provide more insight to the harmful effects of vaping flavors.

                48C3645700000578-5335209-image-a-1_1517410778929.jpg

                E-cigarettes contains nicotine and some relatively harmless organic solvent and is considered a safer substitute for tobacco smoke, which contains nitrosamines and many carcinogenic chemicals from burning.

                There's been a significant increase in e-cigarette use in recent years as traditional cigarette consumption declined.

                In the US, there are more than 500 brands and nearly 8,000 vaping flavors on the marker, according to the American Lung Association.

                The lungs are exposed to flavoring chemicals when the e-liquids are heated and inhaled. While they are advertised as a healthier alternative to tobacco cigarettes, the health effects of these chemicals are not well understood.

                Previous studies have linked vaping to adverse health effects.

                Research published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences this week found e-cigarette smokers had a higher risk than nonsmokers of developing lung and bladder cancers and heart diseases due to its nicotine content.

                The new study, published in Frontiers in Physiology, was an investigation into the health effects of flavoring chemicals without nicotine.

                They found flavoring chemicals and liquids in e-cigarettes can cause significant inflammation to monocytes, a type of white blood cell involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders.

                Popular vaping flavors like cotton candy, cinnamon, vanilla and buttery flavors were some of the most toxic.

                Researchers also found that mixing e-cigarette flavors has a much worse effect than exposure to just one.

                Senior author Dr Irfan Rahman, of the environmental health sciences center, said while e-cigarettes are thought to have relatively less or no harm to the consumer's health compared to tobacco smoke, vaping flavors are not safe for inhalation.

                'Currently, these are not regulated, and alluring flavor names, such as candy, cake, cinnamon roll and mystery mix, attract young vapers,' Dr Rahman said.

                Researchers said tighter regulations are necessary to reduce the risk of 'inhalation toxicity' due to exposure to vaping flavoring chemicals.

                'E-juice bottles must have a descriptive listing of all ingredients,' Dr Rahman explained. 'We urge regulatory agencies to act to protect public health.'
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                  #68
                  10 Health Effects Caused by Smoking You Didn't Know About

                  Here are some health consequences of smoking you might not have heard before…

                  Going Blind
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                  Smoking doesn't do your peepers any good. Smoking increases your risk of age-related macular degeneration, the leading cause of blindness in adults over the age of 65.

                  Type 2 Diabetes
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                  Smoking contributes to type 2 diabetes and increases the risk of complications from the disease— including poor blood flow to legs and feet. This can lead to infection and result in the need to amputate a limb. Yep–you could lose your foot or leg!

                  Erectile Dysfunction
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                  Male sexual function is affected when you smoke. Tobacco causes narrowing of blood vessels all over your body, including those that supply blood to the penis. Good news is that quitting will make a big difference.

                  Ectopic Pregnancy
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                  Ectopic pregnancy is a life-threatening reproductive complication in women that is more likely in smokers. It occurs when a fertilized egg implants somewhere other than the uterus. The egg can’t survive and it puts mom's life at serious risk.

                  Hip Fractures
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                  Smokers lose bone density at a faster rate than non-smokers which puts you at risk for breaking body parts like your hip. Putting down the cigarettes can help slow down this process and keep you breaking a sweat, not your bones, on the dance floor.
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                    #69
                    10 Health Effects Caused by Smoking You Didn't Know About

                    Here are some health consequences of smoking you might not have heard before…

                    Colorectal Cancer
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                    Colorectal cancer, which forms in your intestines (colon or rectum), is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States. One of the reasons? Yup, cigarette smoking. Smoking is linked to an increased risk of developing and dying from this type of cancer.

                    Rheumatoid Arthritis
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                    Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease more common in women that affects the joints in your hands and feet. It causes painful swelling that can eventually result in bone loss and joint deformity. Smoking is one of the causes, and is also associated with developing the disease at an earlier age.

                    Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate
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                    These birth defects, commonly called orofacial clefts, occur when a baby’s lip or mouth doesn't develop properly during pregnancy. Women who smoke during pregnancy are more likely to have babies with orofacial clefts.

                    Fertility Issues
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                    Moms-to-be take note: Smoking can affect your ability to conceive. It causes reduced fertility in women and can contribute to other problems during pregnancy.

                    Gum Disease
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                    As if potentially losing a limb isn’t enough, you also risk losing your teeth from smoking. Smoking contributes to periodontis—a gum infection that destroys the bone that supports the teeth. It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults.
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                      #70
                      Lead and other toxic metals found in e-cigarette 'vapors'

                      Potentially dangerous levels of metals leak from some e-cigarette heating coils

                      Significant amounts of toxic metals, including lead, leak from some e-cigarette heating coils and are present in the aerosols inhaled by users, according to a study from scientists at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

                      In the study, published online in Environmental Health Perspectives on February 21, the scientists examined e-cigarette devices owned by a sample of 56 users. They found that significant numbers of the devices generated aerosols with potentially unsafe levels of lead, chromium, manganese and/or nickel. Chronic inhalation of these metals has been linked to lung, liver, immune, cardiovascular and brain damage, and even cancers.

                      The Food and Drug Administration has the authority to regulate e-cigarettes but is still considering how to do so. The finding that e-cigarettes expose users -- known as vapers -- to what may be harmful levels of toxic metals could make this issue a focus of future FDA rules.

                      "It's important for the FDA, the e-cigarette companies and vapers themselves to know that these heating coils, as currently made, seem to be leaking toxic metals -- which then get into the aerosols that vapers inhale," says study senior author Ana María Rule, PhD, MHS, an assistant scientist in the Bloomberg School's Department of Environmental Health and Engineering.

                      E-cigarettes typically use a battery-supplied electric current that passes through a metal coil to heat nicotine-containing "e-liquids," creating an aerosol -- a mix including vaporized e-liquid and tiny liquid droplets. Vaping, the practice of inhaling this aerosol as if it were cigarette smoke, is now popular especially among teens, young adults and former smokers. A 2017 survey of 8th-, 10th- and 12th-grade students in public and private schools, sponsored by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, found that about one in six had used e-cigarettes in the previous 30 days.

                      Vaping is popular in part because it provides the nicotine "hit" and the look and feel of tobacco-smoking but without smoking's extreme health risks. Evidence that vaping isn't entirely safe continues to accumulate, however. Recent studies have found that e-cigarette liquids contain flavorings and other chemicals that harm cells in standard toxicology tests. Other studies, including one last year from Rule's group, have detected significant levels of toxic metals in e-liquids exposed to the e-cigarette heating coil.

                      For the new study, Rule and her colleagues, including lead author Pablo Olmedo, PhD, who was a postdoctoral researcher at the Bloomberg School at the time of his work on the study, recruited 56 daily e-cigarette users from vaping conventions and e-cigarette shops around Baltimore during the fall of 2015. Working with participants' devices, which they brought to the researchers' lab at the Bloomberg School, the scientists tested for the presence of 15 metals in the e-liquids in the vapers' refilling dispensers, the e-liquids in their coil-containing e-cigarette tanks and in the generated aerosols.

                      Consistent with prior studies, they found minimal amounts of metals in the e-liquids within refilling dispensers, but much larger amounts of some metals in the e-liquids that had been exposed to the heating coils within e-cigarette tanks. The difference indicated that the metals almost certainly had come from the coils. Most importantly, the scientists showed that the metal contamination carried over to the aerosols produced by heating the e-liquids.

                      Of the metals significantly present in the aerosols, lead, chromium, nickel and manganese were the ones of most concern, as all are toxic when inhaled. The median lead concentration in the aerosols, for example, was about 15 ?g/kg, or more than 25 times greater than the median level in the refill dispensers. Almost 50 percent of aerosol samples had lead concentrations higher than health-based limits defined by the Environmental Protection Agency. Similarly, median aerosol concentrations of nickel, chromium and manganese approached or exceeded safe limits.

                      "These were median levels only," Rule says. "The actual levels of these metals varied greatly from sample to sample, and often were much higher than safe limits."

                      E-cigarette heating coils typically are made of nickel, chromium and a few other elements, making them the most obvious sources of metal contamination, although the source of the lead remains a mystery. Precisely how metals get from the coil into the surrounding e-liquid is another mystery. "We don't know yet whether metals are chemically leaching from the coil or vaporizing when it's heated," Rule says. In an earlier study of the 56 vapers, led by Angela Aherrera, MPH, a DrPH student at the Bloomberg School, the levels of nickel and chromium in urine and saliva were related to those measured in the aerosol, confirming that e-cigarette users are exposed to these metals.

                      The researchers did observe, however, that aerosol metal concentrations tended to be higher for e-cigarettes with more frequently changed coils -- suggesting that fresher coils give off metals more readily.

                      The researchers also detected significant levels of arsenic, a metal-like element that can be highly toxic, in refill e-liquid and in the corresponding tank e-liquid and aerosol samples from 10 of the 56 vapers. How the arsenic got into these e-liquids is yet another mystery -- and another potential focus for regulators.

                      Rule and her team are now planning further studies of vaping and metal exposures, with particular attention to their impacts on people. "We've established with this study that there are exposures to these metals, which is the first step, but we need also to determine the actual health effects," she says.
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